Kedu ihe bụ birthstones?

Anyị na-agwa gị na ihe niile gbasara ịmụ nwa abụghị ihe sayensị. Ya mere, anyi na - ahapụ ubi nke sayensi omimi.
Ọtụtụ ndị nwere mmasị na isiokwu a, ya mere, a bụ ihe nchoputa anyị mere iji nye nkọwa zuru oke banyere ebe ọmụmụ.

Nkume okike | January | February | March | April | Ka | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

birthstones

Nkume omumu bu nkume di elu nke nochiri anya onwa mmadu.

Ụdị ọdịda anyanwụ

Onye Juu na-akọ akụkọ ihe mere eme na narị afọ mbụ bụ Josephus kwenyere na njikọ dị n'etiti nkume iri na abụọ n'ime ihe mgbochi obi Erọn. Na-egosi ebo Israel, dika akọwara ya n’Ọpụpụ. Ọnwa iri na abụọ n’afọ, na kwa akara iri na abụọ nke Zodiac.

Ntughari na nkowa nke uzo na Exodus banyere ihe mgbochi obi di iche iche. Josephus n'onwe ya na-enye ndepụta abụọ dị iche iche maka nkume iri na abụọ. George Kunz na-arụ ụka na Josephus hụrụ ihe mgbochi obi nke ụlọ nsọ nke abụọ, ọ bụghị nke akọwapụtara na Ọpụpụ. St. Jerome, na-akọwa Josephus, kwuru na ntọala ntọala nke Jerusalem Ọhụrụ ga-adabara Ndị Kraịst iji.

Na narị afọ nke asatọ na nke itoolu, e dere akwụkwọ okpukpe metụtara otu nkume na onyeozi, nke mere na "aha ha ga-ede na Nkume Ntọala, yana omume ọma ya." Omume ghọrọ idebe nkume iri na abụọ ma eyi otu ọnwa.

Omenala nke iyi otu mkpụrụ ọmụmụ bụ naanị narị afọ ole na ole gara aga, ọ bụ ezie na ndị ọchịchị nke oge a dị iche na ụbọchị. Kunz na-eme omenala na narị afọ nke iri na asatọ Poland, ebe Gemological Institute of America malitere na Germany na 1560s.

Ndepụta nke oge ọmụmụ enweghị ihe jikọrọ ya na ihe mgbochi obi ma ọ bụ ntọala nke Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst. Mmasị, omenala na ntụgharị asụsụ ndị na-agbagwoju anya emeela ka ha ghara ịdị n'otu site na mmalite akụkọ ihe mere eme, ebe otu onye edemede kpọrọ ndepụta nke Kansas na 1912 "ọ dịghị ihe ọzọ ma ọ bụghị mpempe ahịa na-enweghị isi."

Ihe ọmụmụ omenala

Ebe omumu omumu ochie bu ihe omumu omumu. Tebụl dị n'okpuru ebe a nwekwara ọtụtụ nkume bụ nhọrọ ndị a ma ama, na-egosipụtakarị omenala Polish.

Enwere poems dakọtara na ọnwa ọ bụla nke kalenda Gregorian na akara ọmụmụ. Ndị a bụ okwute ọdịnala nke ọha mmadụ na-asụ Bekee. Tiffany & Co. bipụtara abụ ndị a maka oge mbụ na mpempe akwụkwọ na 1870.

Ebe omumu nke oge a

Na 1912, iji mee ka e nwee ụkpụrụ ọkọlọtọ, òtù American National Association nke Jewelers, nke a na-akpọzi Jewelers nke America, zutere na Kansas ma mee nhazi. Ụlọ Ọrụ Ahịa nke Ahịa nke America gosipụtara ndepụta ahụ na 1952 site n'ịgbakwunye Alexandrite maka June, citrine maka November na pink tourmaline maka Ọktọba.

Ha dochikwara lapisị December zircon ma gbanwee isi / ọzọ bara uru maka March. Òtù ahia ahia nke Amerịka kwukwara tanzanite dị ka mkpụrụ akwụkwọ December na 2002. Na 2016, American Gem Trade Association na Jewelers nke America gbakwunyere spinel dị ka ihe omumu omumu nke August.

'Stù Na-ahụ Maka Goldsmiths nke Britain mekwara ndepụta nke usoro ọmụmụ ha na 1937.

Omenala Ọdịda Anyanwụ

Ọdịbendị nke Ọwụwa Anyanwụ na-amata ụdị nkume ndị yiri ya na ọmụmụ, ọ bụ ezie na ha ejikọghị ọnụ na ọnwa ọmụmụ, a na-ejikọ nkume ndị dị na mbara igwe, a na-arụ ọrụ ịgụ kpakpando iji chọpụta nkume ndị dị ezigbo nso ma baara onye ọ bụla uru.

Dịka ọmụmaatụ, na Hindu, enwere nkume itoolu na Navagraha. Ndị agha nke eluigwe gụnyere mbara ala, yana anyanwụ, na ọnwa, nke a maara na Sanskrit dị ka Navaratna (ihe itoolu).

Mgbe a na-amụ nwa, a na-agbakọkwa ihe osise nke ịgụ kpakpando A na-atụ aro nkume ụfọdụ ka ha eyi n’ahụ iji gbochie nsogbu nwere ike ịdapụta. Dabere na ebe ndị agha a dị na mbara igwe n'oge ebe na oge ọmụmụ.

Ihe omumu site na omenala

Ọnwa 15th - 20th narị afọ US (1912) US (2016) Britain (2013)
January garnet garnet garnet garnet
February amethyst, chikwuru
pearl
amethyst amethyst amethyst
March ọbara ọbara, jaspa ọbara ọbara,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
ọbara ọbara
aquamarine,
ọbara ọbara
April diamond, sapphire diamond diamond diamond, nkume crystal
Ka emeraldagate emerald emerald emeraldchrysoprase
June anya pusi,
turquoiseagate
pearlmoonstone pearlmoonstone,
alexandrite
pearlmoonstone
July turquoiseonyx rubi rubi ruby, carnelian
August sardonyxcarnelian, moonstone, topaz sardonyxperidot peridotspinel peridotsardonyx
September chrysolite sapphire sapphire sapphirelapis lazuli
October opalaquamarine opaltourmaline opaltourmaline opal
November topazpearl topaz topazcitrine topazcitrine
December ọbara ọbara, rubi turquoiselapis lazuli turquoisezircon,
tanzanite
tanzaniteturquoise