Mkpụrụ mineral dị egwu?

gemstones mineral

Zụta nkume dị egwu na ụlọ ahịa anyị

Mkpụrụ mineral dị egwu?

Otu ịnweta bụ ihe na-emepụta ọgwụ na-emekarị, na-abụkarị nke kristal crystine ma ọ bụghị nke usoro ndụ na-emepụta. O nwere otu ihe na-emepụta kemịkal kpọmkwem, ebe nkume nwere ike ịbụ nchịkọta nke mineral dị iche iche. Sayensị bụ ihe omimi.

Ọtụtụ nkume ndị dị oké ọnụ bụ mineral

Ha nwere ụdị arụ dị iche iche. Nkọwa ha depsnds na usoro kemịkalụ ha. Ihe ndi mmadu na amata ihe di iche iche gunyere nkpuru obi na agwa, kwa ike, nkpu, diaphaneity, agba, uzo, ike, nkpawa, mgbaji, nkewa, nkpa ike, magnetism, uto ma obu isi, ihe ngosi redio, na mmeghachi omume na acid.

Nlereanya nke ịnweta: Quartz, diamond, corrundum, beryl,…

Sịntetik gemstones

Ọ dị mkpa ịmata ọdịiche dị n'etiti nkume sịntetik, na nitationomi ma ọ bụ ọla bara uru.

Ihe eji eme ihe bara uru dika ihe eji eme ya, ya na ihe ndi ozo di ka okike okike, ma emere ya na ulo oru. Na azụmaahịa azụmaahịa, ndị na-ere ahịa nkume na-ejikarị aha "lab kere". Ọ na-eme ka nkume sịntetik dịkwuo ahịa karịa "ụlọ ọrụ mepụtara".

Ihe atụ nke nkume sịntetik: Synthetic corrundum, diamond synthetic, quartz synthetic,…

Nkume ọla

Ihe atụ nke nkume artificial gụnyere cubic zirconia, nke e dere zirconium oxide na simulated moissanite, nke bụ nkume simulants. Eomi na-e copyomi ọdịdị na agba nke ezigbo okwute mana ha enweghị njirimara ha ma ọ bụ nke anụ ahụ.

Moissanite nwere ihe ndekpo nke kariri oke diamond karie ma mgbe enyere ya ya na oke diamond kwesiri inwe “oku” karia diamond.

Akpa

Nkume bụ ihe okike, nchịkọta siri ike nke otu ma ọ bụ karịa mineral ma ọ bụ mineraloids. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, Lapis lazuli bụ nnukwu okwute na-acha anụnụ anụnụ. Nhazi ya bu nkume di oke onu ahia. Akụkụ kachasị mkpa nke lapis lazuli bụ lazurite (25% ruo 40%), silicate feldspathoid.

Nkume nkume

E nwere ọtụtụ ihe ndị e ji eme ihe dị ka ihe bara uru, gụnyere:
Amber, Ammolite, Ọkpụkpụ, Copal, coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey nkume

Mineraloids

Mineraloid bụ ihe yiri ịnweta nke na-egosighi kristal. Mineraloids nwere ihe ndị mejupụtara kemịkal nke na-adịgasị iche karịa usoro a nabatara maka mineral ụfọdụ. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, obsidian bụ iko amorphous na ọ bụghị kristal.

A na - enweta osisi na - esi na osisi na - ere ere nọ na oke nrụgide. Opal bụ ihe ọzọ n'ihi ọdịdị ya na-abụghị nke kristal.

Ihe ndị mmadụ na-eme bụ mineraloids

Ihe mere mmadụ, iko, ...

Nkume ndị bara uru maka ire ere na ụlọ ahịa anyị